Africa's Public Procurement & Entrepreneurship Research Initiative – APPERI


South Sudan

South Sudan: Warrior Security ready to employ all independent contractors

Sudan Tribune


June 29, 2013

Warrior Security (South Sudan) today re-affirmed its commitment to absorb all UNMISS guards that choose to apply for employment with the company and encouraged the former guards to utilize ongoing recruitment process.

“We have close to 1000 positions at different sites that we need to fill over the next one year,’ said Tony Sugden, CEO Warrior Security (South Sudan). “This opportunity is open to all existing UNMISS guards.”

The security company currently employs 2100 guards and projects that there will be up to 4000 South Sudanese citizens employed by July 2014.

“Warrior has been working with UNMISS, to circulate letters of invitation and application forms however, very few have chosen to come across so far,” said Glenn Corey, Communications Manager at Warrior Security (South Sudan).

“This is an ongoing, open, process. We encourage guards that are interested to fill in the application forms so files can be opened for them to secure employment,” added Mr. Sugden.

“There are additional advantages in working for Warrior Security (South Sudan) as opposed to being an independent contractor, such as medical coverage and permanent employment, neither of which were included in the contracts for independent contractors under previous arrangements.” said Mr. Corey.

The recruitment drive currently under way is in line with the Warrior Security (South Sudan) company policy requiring all guards and supervisors to be South Sudanese to secure employment with Warrior Security (South Sudan).

“In every country that we work in, local residents come first in line whenever a job opportunity arises,” said Mr. Sugden.

“We understand that this may be a worrying time for former independent contractors, but we want to assure them that the vast majority of them will still have jobs, and that in moving to Warrior Security (South Sudan) they will always be respected and well looked after,” said Mr. Corey.

Warrior Security (South Sudan), is a legally registered company in South Sudan and has been operating in all ten states of South Sudan since 2007, when it was known as Southern Sudan. As a private company, Warrior Security (South Sudan) is subject to South Sudan’s current labour laws and legislation. Warrior Security (South Sudan) is proud of its ongoing commitment to offer employment to South Sudanese citizens under the current labour legislation.

For more information:

Glenn Corey

Warrior Security (South Sudan) Communications Manager

+211 (0) 954 783 168

Africa land deals lead to water giveaway

By Mark Tran

June 12, 2012

Africa heads for ‘hydrological suicide’ as land deals hand water resources to foreign firms, threatening environmental disaster.

Millions of people will lose access to traditional sources of water because of “land grabs” in Africa, according to a report on Monday that looks behind the scramble for farmland in Africa.

The report: Squeezing Africa dry: behind every land grab is a water grab, shows how land deals, covering millions of acres of fertile lands, also pose a threat to Africa’s fresh water systems.

“If these land grabs are allowed to continue, Africa is heading for a hydrological suicide,” said Henk Hobbelink, co-ordinator of Grain, a group that backs small farmers.

The report – the latest to raise the alarm over competition for scarce water resources – said all land deals in Africa involve large-scale industrial agriculture operations that will consume massive amounts of water, could rob millions of people of their access to water and risk the depletion of the continent’s most precious water sources.

Grain cites the Nile and Niger river basins as two examples of the “giveaway” of land and water rights. Three of the bigger countries in the Nile basis – Ethiopia, South Sudan and Egypt – have already leased out millions of hectares in the basin. Citing figures from the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), Grain said these made clear that recent land deals vastly outstrip water availability in Nile basis.

According to Grain, Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan and Egypt already have irrigation infrastructures in place for 5.4 million hectares (13 million acres) of land and have now leased out a further 8.6 million hectares of land.

“This would require much more water than what is available now in the entire Nile basin and would amount to no less than hydrological suicide,” said the report.

In the Niger river basin, independent experts believe Mali has the water capacity to irrigate only 250,000 hectares. Yet, said Grain, the Malian government has already signed over 470,000 hectares to foreign companies from Libya, China, the UK, Saudi Arabia and other countries in recent years, virtually all of it in the Niger basin.

Grain said the secrecy around land deals makes it hard to know exactly what is being handed over to foreign companies, but from those contracts leaked or made public, it is clear they tend not to contain any specific mention of water rights, leaving the companies free to build dams and irrigation canals at their discretion…Read more.

Launch of Sh1.5tn project sets stage for lucrative bids

Business Daily

By George Omondi

March 4th, 2012

Investors are waiting for details on how the Sh1.5 trillion infrastructure project linking Lamu to South Sudan and Ethiopia will be financed following the launch of the first phase last week.

Presidents Mwai Kibaki and Salva Kiir of South Sudan and Ethiopia PM Meles Zenawi led the ground breaking for the Lamu port, which is being financed by the government.

The port is part of the Lamu-South Sudan-Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) corridor project, which also include a railway line, an oil pipeline, a refinery, airports, resort cities and a highway.

For a project of this magnitude, it is only when the public knows what the governments have promised in the contracts that they can judge the official seriousness and its viability,” said Mr John Mutua, a public policy analyst at the Institute of Economic Affairs.

In the build-up to the Friday ceremony, the government had indicated that it could only raise up to Sh6.9 billion of the project’s Sh1.5 trillion bill from its current budget. “Otherwise, involvement of top government officials is a good indicator that they want to see this capital intensive project off the ground and possibly, through to conclusion,” he said.

On Friday, Kenya and Ethiopia had signed an agreement in order to meet the power needs of the transport corridor.

“This day will go down in history as one of the defining moments, when we made a major stride to connect our people to the many socio-economic opportunities that lie ahead,” President Kibaki said.

How Kenya intends to finance its part of the transport corridor project, though under official wrap, has generated a lot of interest in the past four years.

The government initially signed a deal with Qatari government in 2008 to build the seaport but slowly backed out after part of the agreement was leaked to public. The contentious aspect of the deal involved allowing the Arab state to grow food crops in the Tana Delta.

In between, the government appeared to be warming up to Chinese firms for a build-operate-and transfer (BOT) arrangement to fund its part of the project. This was after their government funded the feasibility study on the project. However, intense pressure from multi-lateral lenders has pushed government officials to indicate its willingness to subject the multi-billion project to competitive bidding.

On Friday, Chinese Embassy officials declined to discuss involvement in the Lamu project saying the government was yet to give them full feedback.

“Right now, I can say we don’t want to make any comment about LAPSSET project,” said Mr Shifan Wu, chief public relations officer at China’s embassy.

Last December, the cabinet approved the Public Private Partnership (PPP) Bill, indicating that such capital intensive infrastructure projects would in future be handed to private firms on terms such as BOTs.

Analysts believe that the legal framework (PPP) will act as a magnet for private capital, allowing local and international firms with financial muscle to initially own and run such high profile assets.

While it was also not immediately clear how Ethiopia intended to finance its side of the corridor, South Sudan, which signed an agreement with Kenya to build an oil pipeline connecting the two states is believed to be scouting for multinationals to engage under BOT terms.

Tanzania plans a railway line to reach South Sudan

The East Africa

By Leonard Magomba

February 18, 2012

Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda have reached a formal agreement to construct a multi-billion dollar railway network, which would also serve South Sudan and tap into the bloc’s growing trade.

The project, to commence in 2014, is expected to take three years and cost $4.7 billion.

This will run alonsgside the $3 billion Tanga-Arusha-Musoma-Kampala railway line that is expected to be completed by 2015.

Tanzania and Uganda signed an agreement with China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation to undertake a feasibility study and implementation of the project, which will be the main gateway of Mwambani Port in Tanga, Musoma dock and Port Bell in Uganda.

“We are expecting to handover the feasibility study by April while construction of the 880km railway line is expected to be completed by 2015.” the Chinese engineering firm managing director Wang Xiangdong said,

Mr Xiangdong said the railway line will be constructed to the 1,435mm, which is the standard gauge used in other countries and directed by both states.

The project will see Tanga and Musoma ports dedicated to handle cargo, traffic destined to Uganda and South Sudan. Beyond that the project will help to ease congestion at Tanzania’s principal’s port, Dar es Salaam.

Freight would be conveyed from Musoma by ferry to the Port Bell pier — about 350km of transportation in the lake. A rail connection already runs via Tororo to Gulu – nearly 600km – on the Pakwach branch.

A new line of roughly 250km would be constructed to Juba, and a further 550km to the Wao railhead in South Sudan.

How Corruption may Hamper Peacebuilding – the Case of South Sudan


By Shireen Mukadam, researcher

Governance and corruption division, ISS Cape Town

February 9, 2012

On January 16th South Sudan’s Parliament met to discuss the Auditor General’s announcement that $1.3 billion was unaccounted for during the 2005-2006 budget period of the then Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan under the transitional government. This comes in the midst of a flurry of anti-corruption initiatives sweeping the country in the past few months. In November last year, President Salva Kiir appointed senior judge Justice John Gatwhich Lul as chair of the national Anti-Corruption Commission. Established in 2006 and viewed by many as toothless, this body gained prosecutory powers through the 2011 Transitional Constitution. These events raise important questions about the nexus between corruption and peacebuilding. What have we learnt from African post- conflict states about how corruption affects peacebuilding efforts?

The nexus between corruption and peacebuilding is characterised by the tension between the short and long-term impacts of corruption. Some functionalists argue that certain forms of ‘illegal’ channelling of state funds may have positive consequences in the aftermath of conflict. In the short term some would argue that  this could help bring about stability, by sustaining networks of patronage and ‘buying’ spoilers to participate in the peace process. Both the need and opportunity for corrupt practices can increase following conflict, arguably as the case of Burundi shows. Certain financial ‘rewards’ also have the potential to play an incentivising role in peace negotiations. However, the difficulty in embracing this rationale arises when one considers the longer-term implications of these kinds of practices. Is stability and peace sought after, at any cost?…While this article has only scratched the surface of the corruption-peacebuilding nexus, it sheds light on the need to pay more attention to how the synergy between the anti-corruption and peacebuilding discourses can contribute towards preventing corruption, thereby enabling sustainable peace in post- conflict countries. A good start would be to consider a corruption-sensitive approach to peacebuilding…Read more.

Navigating Africa’s Public Procurement and Entrepreneurship Terrain

By Raymond Erick Zvavanyange

Imagine you have been assigned as the captain of a military ship with an important delivery to an international trading partner. In order to do so, you would need to navigate through a pirate-infested space in some coastland. Would you refuse this assignment? Would you take it as your mission to deliver the cargo in one-piece? What would you decide? This assignment demands rare courage, determination, intelligence and stamina to follow the course through the hostile, dangerous, risky and threatening water space. Furthermore, as captain keeping the communication channels operational with your centre station and destination gives the assurance that your track is kept in sight. Losing direction and storms encounter, if this occurs, adds uncertainty to completion of the mission. It is a nerve-wrecking and intense situation, synonymous, with navigating unfamiliar space towards a desired target. Navigation could be through countries, institutions, organizations, legislations and regulations, here referred to as terrain. By definition, a terrain is a relief feature common in Africa lands.

Courtesy of Paul Spud

In the same vein, a different terrain exists; a different assignment awaits practitioners across the African continent; they should navigate the public procurement and entrepreneurship terrain. It is a terrain because the platform is not inclusive; only “experienced captains” can navigate safely using the guiding equipment and reach the destination! In Africa, policy and measures to safeguard initiatives slacken with the setting of the Sun. It is increasingly becoming difficult to address any issue on a single platform. Some platformers are easily found in the hype, excitement and convenience of Web 2.0 and Social Media while others walk the streets having no hope of ever influencing the public procurement and entrepreneurship agenda. They simply do not have the means, platform, knowledge, influence and status, and in the worst cases, lack interest.

There are countries such as South Africa, which offer hope and promise of progress while others are “sleeping giants” that need to be given a wake up call. The African landscape is fast changing overtaking initiatives in the process, for example, the recent independence declaration by South Sudan, Africa’s newest nation. The Republic of South Sudan enters the same terrain that other countries have familiarised themselves with and in some instances, navigated through. The comforting note for all is that the target destination is in sight. In addition, the destination can be visualised when the same guiding equipment is used. Below is brief navigating equipment, translation, for “ideas” for navigating Africa’s public procurement and entrepreneurship terrain. It is up to the captain of the ship to decide whether to use the equipment or not; otherwise, one risks being overtaken by events or find themselves in an undesirable place.

  1. Recognise the multiple actors involved public procurement and entrepreneurship issues and the roles they play,
  2. Public procurement and entrepreneurship initiatives are not ends in themselves; they are means to end,
  3. All-encompassing policy and measures should factor in innovations in entrepreneurship and public procurement,
  4. Transparency and accountability still are key ingredients for successful entrepreneurship and procurement initiatives,
  5. Empowerment of youths and women is a current interdisciplinary initiative aimed at giving a voice to the voiceless, eliminating discrimination and changing mindsets,
  6. Settling disputes and conflicts diplomatically and not leaving them as stalemates;
  7. Exploring ways to integrate innovation and sustainability concepts in entrepreneurship and procurement issues;
  8. Knowledge from other world regions is essential and critical guide but not rule when drafting the future of public procurement and entrepreneurship in Africa, and
  9. Tapping into resources of minority groups is central to effectiveness of policy at community level

South Sudan: World Bank initiates new procurement tool

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Image via Wikipedia

Sudan Tribune

By Julius N. Uma

February 19, 2011 (JUBA) – South Sudan plans to introduce a new method of procurement in the civil service, in the soon to be independent region, to address bottlenecks in the process.

The new tool, dubbed Procurement Value Chain Analysis (PVCA), was introduced at a one-day workshop by the World Bank 14 February, which was attended by 35 officials from the southern government.

Sudan’s South is due to become independent in July after a referendum at the beginning of the year.

During the workshop, held at the World Bank premises in Juba, the participants used the PVCA toll to detect the procurement constraints government officials usually experience while implementing the World Bank-administered Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Southern Sudan (MDTF-SS)…Read more.

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