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Africa's Public Procurement & Entrepreneurship Research Initiative – APPERI

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Uganda: Procurement Challenges Dog many Local Governments


NTV Uganda

The Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets PPDA, says that the procedures on contract awards and executions at local government levels remain weak. PPDA’s Director for Procurement Audit and investigation Benson Turamye  notes that the gap needs quick redress considering the Trillions of shillings in procurements handled by both the Central and Local governments.

South Africa: Gordhan’s war on incompetence and impunity


Mail & Guardian

By Faranaaz Parker

July 24, 2012

Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan has revealed plans for the national treasury to take a much tighter grip on local governments‘ finances. See the full report here.

Following the release of a damning report on the scale of mismanagement at municipal levels, Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan on Monday revealed that the national treasury would take a tighter grip on procurement processes across the country.

Gordhan announced that treasury would create a procurement oversight unit to actively enforce supply chain management at a national level and would shortly appoint a chief procurement officer. The position would be advertised in two weeks and would be established within the next two months.

“Where there are transactions for a particular size or type within the national domain there must be the ability to assess whether they meet market criteria in terms of prices [and] whether proper processes havebeen followed,” he said.

The announcement was an indictment of local government’s failure to spend and account for public money effectively.

The minister was speaking at the release of auditor general Terence Nombembe’s report on local government audit results, which showed that only 5% of all municipal entities – a total of 13 – had achieved clean audits for the year 2010/2011.

Gordhan said IT systems would be developed to allow the treasury to actively monitor compliance with financial management requirements so that it may demand information regarding procurements, such as how decisions were made and by whom.

Spending fiascos

The move may help prevent public spending fiascos such as the multibillion-rand leasing scandal that saw former police chief Bheki Cele and former public works minister Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde sacked last year.

Gordhan said the government should be able to demonstrate that there were consequences for nonperformance and for working outside the law.

“At the moment, those consequences are not there. When consequences are not there continuously then a level of impunity develops,” he said.

He said the new oversight mechanism would require the help of law enforcement agencies, who would bear the responsibility of preparing cases against and prosecuting those guilty of corruption.

With reference to the auditor general’s report, Gordhan said he was particularly disappointed that some large metros, which had better skills and capacity than small municipalities, did not received clean audits.

“If they can’t meet simple criteria in financial management, then it’s a matter the treasury has to take a closer look at,” he said.

Nombembe’s damning report
Nombembe’s report showed there were three root causes behind the slow progress towards clean audits in local government.

The biggest problem, he said, was a general lack of consequence for poor performance. Modified audit results were simply considered the norm, he said.

In addition, over 70% of those audited did not have the minimum competencies and skills required to perform their jobs.

Worryingly, over half of the municipalities audited were slow in responding to the auditor general’s suggestions and were not taking ownership of key financial controls.

Nombembe said if these issues were not addressed, they would continue to weaken governance.

He also complained that most municipalities employed consultants in areas where they already had people to do the work, and even then the results were not as good as they should be.

Cedric Frolick, National Assembly house chairperson, agreed, saying: “What are the employees doing when 70% of the work is being done by people who must be paid for it on top of their salaries?”

“Why are people who are not doing their job, being allowed to keep on [not] doing it?”

Meeting the criteria
But Minister in the Presidency responsible for performance, monitoring and evaluation Collins Chabane said because of the way the three spheres of government were structured, it was difficult to make interventions in local government unless specific criteria had been met.

“It creates a complication where no other authority can intervene, by law, until that municipality makes a decision,” he said.

Chabane said in future, the performance of departments and institutions may be linked to the performance of the heads of those institutions.

“That will begin to bring accountability,” he said.

Meanwhile Subesh Pillay, chairperson of the South African Local Government Association, said it was important to remember that clean audits were a means to an end.

“That end is to ensure that local government become efficient and effective organs of service delivery,” he said.

Ghana: World Bank urges mining coys to increase local procurements


The Ghanaian Chronicle

By: Masahudu Ankiilu Kunateh

This came to light at the World Bank and stakeholders’ validation workshop in Accra. It was attended by policy makers, private sector and civil society representatives, and they discussed the most effective ways of increasing local procurement by the mining industry in West Africa.

The bank noted that: ‘ Boosting local procurement, or the use of local suppliers (as opposed to international-based ones) of products and services in the mining sector, helps to ensure that the benefits of mining are more evenly spread across the economy of a country, creating jobs and stimulating the sustainable development of local enterprises‘.

The West Africa workshop provided a unique opportunity for regional policy makers to discuss and provide feedback to an on-going regional study entitled             -‘Increasing Local Procurement by the Mining Industry in West Africa’.

The discussions about the regional study, sponsored by the World Bank’s Oil, Gas and Mining unit, and other local institutions, aim to focus on the topics, including approaches to defining local content, policies and legislation related to local content in West Africa, mining company efforts to increase local procurement of goods and services  and specific opportunities for expanding local supply.

The World Bank’s Operations Officer, Kristina Svensson, who is coordinating the regional study, explained that local procurement by mining companies could bring significant benefits to a wide range of stakeholders in resource-rich countries.

She added that due to the large scale of current and potential mining activity in West Africa, countries have a huge opportunity to realize these socio-economic benefits.

The Chief Executive Officer of Minerals Commission, Ben Aryee was delighted to say that, ‘This is an important event since it brings together, for the first time, policy makers and private sector actors to debate specific actions for increasing local procurement in the mining industry‘.

For her, the Chief Executive Officer of the Chamber of Mines, Ms. Joyce Aryee believes ‘buying local goods and services serves as a catalyst for private sector development, and is one of the most significant contributions the mining sector can provide to Ghana and to the region’

The Government of Ghana has already taken a proactive approach on this issue and agreed with the Chamber of Mines on a common framework to boost local procurement for the benefit of the whole economy.

This framework is subject of a Memorandum of Understand (MOU) agreed between the Minerals Commission, the Chamber of Mines and the International Finance Corporation (IFC).

The significant mining industry in West Africa (supplying, for example, 9% of the world’s bauxite, and 8% of the world’s gold) is expected to continue to grow with a number of large gold, iron ore, and bauxite projects in advanced planning stages.

Furthermore, there are significant unexploited mineral resources across the region, including uranium, copper and diamonds.

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